# How many lives did Enigma save?

It is estimated that Turing's work shortened the war by two years and saved 14 million lives.

## How is that Enigma machine saved 14 million people?

During World War II, he and his team of experts strove to decipher the messages of German military submarines, encrypted with a device called the Enigma machine. Historians believe that the discoveries made by Turing and his team helped shorten the war by at least two years and saved at least 14 million lives.

## How much did breaking Enigma help?

Road Trip 2011: Code breakers led by Alan Turing were able to beat the Germans at their cipher games, and in the process shorten the war by as much as two years.

## How did Alan Turing save 21 million lives?

Alan's work breaking Nazi codes during WWII helped save millions of lives and shorten the war, by cluing the Allied Forces into important Nazi strategy and movements.

## Who actually solved Enigma?

Mathematician. Alan Turing was a brilliant mathematician. Born in London in 1912, he studied at both Cambridge and Princeton universities. He was already working part-time for the British Government's Code and Cypher School before the Second World War broke out.

## How long did it take to break Enigma?

Turing invented a machine called the Bombe, an electromechanical device that searched for possible Enigma machine settings. It is believed to have taken Turing between 5 to 6 months from beginning development of the Bombe to successfully delivering it to Bletchley Park on 18 March 1940.

## Did breaking Enigma shorten the war?

Some historians estimate that Bletchley Park's massive codebreaking operation, especially the breaking of U-boat Enigma, shortened the war in Europe by as many as two to four years.

## When did Germany find out Enigma was broken?

The German plugboard-equipped Enigma became Nazi Germany's principal crypto-system. In December 1932 it was "broken" by mathematician Marian Rejewski at the Polish General Staff's Cipher Bureau, using mathematical permutation group theory combined with French-supplied intelligence material obtained from a German spy.

## Did Alan Turing get paid?

Answer and Explanation: Alan Turing made about five million dollars. He mainly obtained income from his successful mathematical profession.

## Was Alan Turing rich or poor?

The unusual name of Turing placed him in a distinctive family tree of English gentry, far from rich but determinedly upper-middle-class in the peculiar sense of the English class system.

## Who broke Enigma first?

The Enigma code was first broken by the Poles, under the leadership of mathematician Marian Rejewski, in the early 1930s. In 1939, with the growing likelihood of a German invasion, the Poles turned their information over to the British, who set up a secret code-breaking group known as Ultra, under mathematician Alan M.

## How long was Enigma kept a secret?

Although the secret was kept for nearly 30 years after the end of WW2, it's now nearly 50 years since the public was told that the Allies had broken literally millions of Enigma-encrypted messages during the war, providing a wealth of authentic Intelligence about German military plans, reactions, state of readiness, ...

## How hard was it to crack the Enigma code?

Brute-forcing the Enigma was effectively impossible. So how could the Allies possibly hope to break it? Well, the Enigma itself had one fatal flaw – the reflector component made it so a letter could never be encoded to itself in the scrambled message.

## What was the weakness of the Enigma machine?

A major flaw with the Enigma code was that a letter could never be encoded as itself. In other words, an “M” would never be encoded as an “M.” This was a huge flaw in the Enigma code because it gave codebreakers a piece of information they could use to decrypt messages.

## Did a woman help break the Enigma code?

Joan Clarke, woman who cracked Enigma cyphers with Alan Turing - BBC News.

## What is the sad story of Alan Turing?

Turing is generally considered to be the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, but his life tragically ended in suicide in 1954, after he was chemically castrated as punishment (instead of prison) for criminal gay acts.

## What caused Alan Turing's death?

Turing took his own life in 1954, two years after being outed as gay. Homosexuality was still a crime in Great Britain at the time, and Turing was convicted of “indecency.” He died from eating an apple laced with cyanide. He was only 41 years old.

## Did Alan Turing ever get a pardon?

The provision is named after Alan Turing, the World War II codebreaker and computing pioneer, who was convicted of gross indecency in 1952. Turing received a royal pardon posthumously in 2013. The law applies in England and Wales.

## How many lives has Alan Turing saved?

It is estimated that Turing's work shortened the war by two years and saved 14 million lives.

## Did the Soviets know about Enigma?

The Soviets, however, through an agent at Bletchley, John Cairncross, knew that Britain had broken Enigma.

## Why was Bletchley Park kept secret for so long?

Every detail about the sprawling Buckinghamshire estate was shrouded in mystery as German Enigma codes were cracked using the Bombe machine.

## How did Germans not know Enigma was broken?

The care with which Enigma-derived Intelligence was handled prevented its source from being discovered, and this, together with Germany's unjustified faith in the machine's power, meant that knowledge of Allied breaking of Enigma remained a secret not just throughout the war, but until 1974, when The Ultra Secret, a ...

## Did the Allies ever crack the Enigma code?

Thanks to the Bletchley Park team and the Bombe, the Enigma was cracked. And yet, such was the secrecy of the project, hardly anyone knew about this huge effort until three decades later – some 20 years after Alan Turing had died.

## Why did the Germans think Enigma was unbreakable?

The Enigma used a combination of rotors, plugs and wiring to code messages and was said to have as many as 103 sextillion possible settings, which is one of the reasons the Germans thought their code was unbreakable, according to the Bletchley Park Museum.

## Did the British really crack Enigma?

The British had broken their first Enigma code as early as the German invasion of Poland and had intercepted virtually every message sent through the occupation of Holland and France.